Non-white and Jewish athletes on visiting teams experienced both welcome and rejection. “Non-Aryans” also elicited mixed responses when they demonstrated their athletic prowess, especially the African-American track stars.
Despite Nazi assurances that racism would play no part in the Olympics, the Nazis demonstrated overt racism in the choice of German Olympic athletes. Jews, Roma and Sinti, who had been active and successful members of German sports culture before 1933, were barred from participation. Athletes considered "half-Jewish" according to the Nazi state's Nuremberg Laws of 1935 were manipulated by a regime striving to temper its racism for international audiences.